As a homeowner, you should have gained some equity in your home since living there and paying your mortgage down. Have you ever considered using this equity to finance some of your needs if you don’t have the cash flow?
A home equity loan or line of credit are two ways to get the necessary funds to finance an addition to your home, start your own business, consolidate credit card debt, or finance another major need. However, you don’t want to think of it as your own personal ATM … that could be dangerous!
As a reminder, you should always consult a financial advisor before considering the best course of action to take.
Here’s a brief rundown:
What’s a Home Equity Loan?
The equity in your home is basically the difference in the home’s market value and what you still owe on it. For example, a home that’s worth $250,000 but has a $200,000 mortgage balance has $50,000 in equity.
Therefore, a home equity loan (or term loan) allows you to take a loan amount based on your home’s equity plus other factors such as your income.
This loan is sometimes called a second mortgage. Upon the loan’s approval, you get a lump sum and must repay a certain amount each month subject to a fixed interest rate, just like a first mortgage.
The length of the loan is usually shorter than first mortgages – it can be from five to fifteen years.
What’s A Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC)?
With a “line of credit,” you are approved for a certain credit limit based on your home’s equity. This loan functions almost like a credit card in which you can withdraw money when you need it over the lifetime of the loan, such as 10 years. You only pay interest on the amount you withdraw and not on the total amount approved.
Credit lines have variable interest rates rather than fixed rates so your repayments can change depending on the interest rate at the time you withdraw money.
You should carefully review all requirements, fees, penalties and how often the interest rate is adjusted since HELOCs can vary depending on the lender.
Advantages of These Loans
- You have the freedom to use the funds for whatever your need or needs may be, unlike student and auto loans that are very specific.
- Interest rates are usually much lower than credit cards.
- Interest paid on your loan is tax deductible.
- Additional fees and closing costs for this loan can be rolled into the actual loan amount.
Disadvantages of these Loans
- If you can’t pay back the loan, you risk losing your home.
- You must pay back the loan in full if you move so have an idea of your future plans. (You can get a new loan to pay back this loan though.)
Other Important Factors
- Get a realistic idea of your property situation. If you bought your home at a good time and it’s located in a strong market, then you should have substantial equity. If you’re under water on your mortgage, then your home is not a candidate. First and foremost, take the take the time to review your particular neighborhood and your own home to see if these loans are an option for you.
- A lender will look at your complete financial picture. It’s not just your home’s equity that a lender will consider. They want to make sure you can repay the loan (and you don’t want to lose your home!). As part of the approval process, a lender will review your income, debts, and other financial obligations as well as your credit history.
- Ask yourself “why” you are taking out one of these loans. You should NOT use this loan for everyday expenses on clothing, vacations or gifts but rather for a very specific project or need. Taking out a loan just to have access to money for frivolous expenses is not wise.
- Consult with several advisors. Your situation is unique to you so get advice from several sources — talk to me about the housing market, a lender about the implications of taking on more debt, a financial advisor about your larger financial picture, and a CPA about how this will impact your tax situation.
Please let me know if you have any questions about whether getting a home equity loan or line of credit is right for you. I can also be helpful in letting you know how much your home is worth to know how much equity you might be able to use. Plus, I have great lenders who can help you through the process of obtaining a line of credit.
Having a line of credit is not right for everybody. Be sure to reach out to me so we can talk about whether it’s a good option for you, how much equity you have and I can recommend lenders who can help you if you choose to move forward with this type of loan.